Pivotal Response Treatment
Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT) is a naturalistic and developmental intervention derived from the principles of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA), and developed by Robert Koegel, Lynn Koegel, and Laura Schreibman, along with a number of other instrumental researchers. PRT focuses on teaching the child within the natural environment, most often in the context of play, and helping the child to be more responsive to learning and social opportunities through more naturally occurring contingencies. Rather than targeting individual behaviors one at a time, PRT targets pivotal areas of a child’s development, such as motivation, responding to multiple cues, self- initiations (question asking to seek information), and self-management of behavior. By targeting these pivotal areas, research has demonstrated that PRT can result in widespread improvements in other social, communication, and behavioral areas that are not specifically targeted. PRT is implemented through both direct intervention and a parent education model, as parents are considered primary intervention agents for their child’s learning and development.